What is Erectheion?
The temple of Erechtheion took its name from an ancient Greek King Erecthous. Built between 421 and 406 BC by the infamous ancient architecture Mnesicles. Above all, the sculptor and mason of the structure was Phidias. Furthermore, Pericles the great ancient statesman assigned Phidias to do the sculptures to Erectheion and the Parthenon.
Why is Erectheion Important?
The temple of Erechtheion and its surroundings is the most sacred area of Acropolis. For the reason that, it was in this complex marble building in the Ionic order that hosted the Sacred Tokens of Athens. Notably, the marks of the Poseidon Trident and the olive tree of Athens.
The perpose of The Erechtheion
The Temple of Erectheion had a lot of different functions at the ancient years. It housed older and newer cults and the site of the ‘Sacred Tokens’. The marks that Poseidon made with his trident and the olive tree, the gift of Athena to the city of Athens. The eastern part of the Temple is dedicated to Athena. Finally, the western part was dedicated to Hephaistos and other gods and heroes.
The Caryatids Porch
The building had two porches. Six Ionic columns supported the roof of the north porch. Furthermore, below its floor was the mark of the thunderbolt sent by Zeus to kill the legendary King Erechteus. Significantly, the infamous Caryatids supported the south porch.
What is a Caryatid?
Caryatid is a sculpted female figure that take the place of a column or a pillar supporting an entablature on her head. In fact they literally mean in Greek “maidens of Karyai”, an ancient town of Peloponnese.